CSS Guide: How it Works and 20 Key Properties

The reason for using this is to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. More importantly, it enables you to do this independently of the HTML that makes up each web page. Website validation is the process of making sure a website’s pages adhere to the formal standards and rules established by the World Wide Web Consortium . It will ensure that all web browsers, search engines, etc., interpret your web pages the same way. A benefit is that it’s a more effective way, especially for styling a big website, and a drawback is that submitting lots of CSS files might make a website take longer to download. One advantage is that inserting the CSS code doesn’t require making and uploading a separate file, but a disadvantage is that using too much inline CSS can make the HTML structure unorganized.

  • Unlike CSS 2, which is a large single specification defining various features, CSS 3 is divided into several separate documents called «modules».
  • The WordPress Style Engine generates the CSS for a block theme.
  • Just copy the stylesheet link from their website purecss.io and add it to your HTML doc.
  • So you can absolutely start playing with Cascade Layers right away, but it might be some time before we can confidently use them in production.
  • That means we use margin-inline-start rather than margin-left when setting the start of a margin.
  • They make a big impact on how we think about responsive design.

While we’re at it, we will also cover some of the innovations that are expected in the near future. This article will examine some of the relevant CSS properties mentioned in the annual State of CSS survey. This survey seeks to understand the current CSS ecosystem and inform us about the main directions it took. This year, Lea Verou, a member of the W3C working group and a person at the forefront of all the changes that are taking place, has joined in to help draft the questions for it. Probably partly due to her participation, this year’s survey focused on new and upcoming CSS features.

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Considering all the tricks and techniques, here are some handpicked CSS features that are worth your time. CSS has changed rapidly in recent years, but I think 2021 is a booming year for CSS with many new features. CSS declaration ends with a semicolon, and these blocks are surrounded by curly braces. Modules that build on things from CSS Level 2 started at Level 3. Some of them have already reached Level 4 or are already approaching Level 5.

Features of CSS

However, if you use CSS logical properties, you can limit your code to just two selectors and handle both layouts simultaneously. CSS logical properties are a CSS module that can manipulate a page layout through logical dimension and direction rather than physical dimension and direction. That means we use margin-inline-start rather than margin-left when setting the https://globalcloudteam.com/ start of a margin. Before CSS, tags like font, color, background style, element alignments, border, and size had to be repeated on every web page. You can eliminate all the adjustment and calculative issues by changing the aspect ratio of a given container. If you aim to insert a video, all you need to do is fix an aspect-ratio relative to the varying screen size.

CSS custom properties (variables)

Values that are assigned to properties define those properties. In contrast to strings, they are typically written without quotations. In addition to text, CSS values can also take the shape of URLs, measures, numbers, etc. Specific CSS attributes permit integer definitions for their values, including negative numbers. CSS layout At this point we’ve already looked at CSS fundamentals, how to style text, and how to style and manipulate the boxes that your content sits inside. Now it’s time to look at how to place your boxes in the right place in relation to the viewport, and to each other.

Features of CSS

See CSS Logical Properties and Values for a more in-depth discussion. Before color-mix(), developers and designers needed preprocessors like Sass to mix the colors before the browser saw them. Most color-mixing functions also https://globalcloudteam.com/tech/css/ didn’t provide the option to specify which color space to do the mixing in, sometimes resulting in confusing results. Tags like were introduced in HTML version 3.2, and it caused quite a lot of trouble for web developers.


Cascading stylesheet markup is continuously evolving with better features. Each web browser uses a layout engine to render web pages, and support for CSS functionality is not consistent between them. Because browsers do not parse CSS perfectly, multiple coding techniques have been developed to target specific browsers with workarounds . The adoption of new functionality in CSS can be hindered by a lack of support in major browsers. For example, Internet Explorer was slow to add support for many CSS 3 features, which slowed the adoption of those features and damaged the browser’s reputation among developers.

Features of CSS

This increases the reliability of applications and optimizes their performance. The user’s preferred language is built into browsers, so even before your CSS is rendered, the browser knows in which direction the user prefers the text to be read. While not exactly «new» , CSS logical properties have started to become the de-facto choice for front-end developers looking to make their code flexible for all languages and layouts. This means you can do all the styling on a separate file and apply the CSS to any page you want. The declaration block contains one or more declarations separated by semicolons.


Some reach dark black earlier than others, some fade to white too late. Before gradient color spaces, sRGB was the default color space used. SRGB is generally reliable, but does have some weaknesses like the gray dead zone. To learn more about accent-color, check out my post on web.dev where I explore many more aspects of this useful CSS property. The video shows how the defined cascade layers allow for a more liberated and freestyle authoring and loading process, while still maintaining the cascade as needed.

The best new CSS features for 2023 – InfoWorld

The best new CSS features for 2023.

Posted: Wed, 19 Apr 2023 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Color functions to help you mix and contrast, and choose which space you do the work in. After accent-color, one line of CSS brings a brand color to the built-in components. In addition to a tint, the browser intelligently chooses proper contrasting colors for ancillary parts of the component and adapts to system color schemes . Before accent-color, when you wanted a form with brand matching colors, you could end up with complex libraries or CSS solutions that became hard to manage over time. While they gave you all the options, and hopefully included accessibility, the choice to use the built-in components or adopt your own becomes tedious to continue to choose. Each feature support table includes a «Usage relative» button.

Main Components of CSS

It is used to control the layout of more than one web page all at once. All the external stylesheets are stored in the form of CSS files. Before CSS, document authors who wanted to assign such typographic characteristics to, say, all h2 headings had to repeat HTML presentational markup for each occurrence of that heading type.

Features of CSS

Grid-gap is quite popular for creating equal space between each grid. But, you were supposed to apply negative margins, pseudo-class selectors, and complex selectors to handle the space between each flex-items. Thus, the Flexbox gap results in lesser lines of code with higher scalability. I’ve been digging into CSS3 in recent weeks, and I am pretty excited about what’s possible. In this article, I highlight 10 new features that you’ll undoubtedly see in use around the Web as browser developers continue racing to complete CSS3 support.

grid-template-rows: subgrid;

Developers can specify a box-shaped outline region around an element using its outline settings. A line sketched just outside the elements’ borders is known as an outline. The outline indicates focus or active states for elements like buttons, form fields, etc.

Fullstack Developer React, React Native, Node js Remote at G2i Remote Job

At the start of his career, he worked as a Software Engineer at Google on the News Archive project and Music Matching Service. Post that, he started exploring iOS app development and has built multiple apps being a developer specialising in React Native over the last 10 years. Having worked extensively with startups, he understands the challenges they face and enjoys working in that environment. Learn React, Redux, Node.js, MongoDB, GraphQL and TypeScript in one go!

  • Jeremy graduated from Brown University with dual majors in computer science and economics.
  • Numerous people have improved and corrected the material both in content and spelling.
  • We partner with various construction industry organizations to build custom software development solutions.
  • Get a customized dashboard to track the progress and manage the team.
  • During the Sprint, the Development Team collaborates with the Product Owner to refine and clarify the requirements and ensure proper implementation.
  • Before we dive into the details, let’s start off high level.

You’ll work 100% remotely with US clients.Take your pick of clients from cutting-edge FinTech and Crypto to traditional HR SaaS, with plenty of choices in between. And since it’s a contracting position, once you finish a project you can easily move to the next one that floats your boat. We’ve got quite a few G2i alums who’ve stayed with us for several years doing just that. Toptal offers a no-compromise solution to businesses undergoing rapid development and scale. Every engineer we’ve contracted through Toptal has quickly integrated into our team and held their work to the highest standard of quality while maintaining blazing development speed. Toptal makes finding a candidate extremely easy and gives you peace-of-mind that they have the skills to deliver.

Some of Our Expert React Native Developers

React native initializes a context that initiates the JavascriptCore engine and exports all native modules in order to be consumed by Javascript code. This bridge allows you to communicate with native modules that are exported via the @ReactMethod annotation on Android and RCT_EXPORT_METHOD() macro on iOS. This extends functionality for features that are better done in the native ecosystem.

full stack react native developer

This is where you can list down all the additional benefits/perks that a candidate will get once they join your company. Create platform-specific versions of components so a single codebase can share code across platforms. With React Native, one team can maintain multiple platforms https://globalcloudteam.com/ and share a common technology—React. Toptal Projects enabled us to rapidly develop our foundation with a product manager, lead developer, and senior designer. In just over 60 days we went from concept to Alpha. The speed, knowledge, expertise, and flexibility is second to none.

Featured Toptal React Native Publications

The content of part 11 is written by developers from Smartly and part 12 is by Jami Kousa. Numerous people have improved and corrected the material both in content and spelling. You can also make improvements to the course material yourself. The course webpage is designed and created by Houston inc, who have also audited the content of the course material. Spanish translation by Sebastian Torres and Cynthia Vico Vacca.

full stack react native developer

The business logic runs on the JS thread whenever you need to make a call to any native modules it requires a call over the bridge. In the Main thread React Native handles rendering React components to Native views. We will work with you to understand your technical needs, team dynamics, and goals.

Company Description

Finding the right candidate can be much less daunting if you use our recommendations for the full-stack developer job description and interview questions. But you can save yourself the hassle by hiring a trusted tech partner like Relevant. If you have an idea that requires React.js/Node.js expertise, just drop us a line! React Native is a JavaScript framework created by Facebook. It was built for writing natively rendering mobile cross-platform applications for both iOS and Android.

full stack react native developer

Beyond that I want to keep things simple and not overload you with choice — there’s a lot of choice out there. I want to prescribe a plan that will allow you to actually build apps with React Native. As I said before React Native is React — it just targets native platforms. A lot of the high level stuff you’ll already know from learning React.

Expert Talent Matching

The Toptal team were as part of tripcents as any in-house team member of tripcents. They contributed and took ownership of the development just like everyone else. James is an expert in iOS development who excels at bringing user interfaces to life. He’s passionate about making his apps delightful to use and beautiful to look at. James has extensive knowledge of the iOS ecosystem, its underlying frameworks, and the Xcode build system.

full stack react native developer

Airthings is a Norway-based provider of indoor radon monitoring products. Due to the hard work of our JavaScript developers, they now have a solution that displays air quality data around the globe. Once the necessary experts are selected, they react native developer can start working immediately. If we don’t have suitable talent, we’ll engage in additional hiring, which can take a few days to a month based on urgency. When it comes to talent selection, you can leave it to us or choose experts on your own.

Hand-selected developers to fit your needs at scale

We design and build greenfield apps of all shapes and sizes using React Native combined with a Python, Node, or Ruby on Rails backend. The experience I’ve had with other firms is in direct contrast to what FullStack did. I’m comparing them with two other firms I worked with in the past. They care a lot about what their clients are doing. They bring their ideas and concepts to the table.

Defining and Implementing Value-Based Health Care: A Strategic Framework PMC

In the United States, healthcare spending accounts for nearly 18 percent of the gross domestic product — this is more than other wealthy countries. Yet the healthcare system in the United States is still lagging behind in many ways. While the U.S. system produces some of the best medical outcomes in the world, it also produces some of the worst, in some cases providing ineffective or unnecessary care. What value-based care aims to do is decrease the instances of poor medical care and increase positive patient outcomes, safety and service.

Facing severe pressure to contain costs, payors are aggressively reducing reimbursements and finally moving away from fee-for-service and toward performance-based reimbursement. In the U.S., an increasing percentage of patients are being covered by Medicare and Medicaid, which reimburse at a fraction of private-plan levels. These pressures are leading more independent value based definition hospitals to join health systems and more physicians to move out of private practice and become salaried employees of hospitals. (For more, see the sidebar “Why Change Now?”) The transition will be neither linear nor swift, and we are entering a prolonged period during which providers will work under multiple payment models with varying exposure to risk.


Regional National Health Service health boards are implementing pilot projects, with an emphasis on outcome collection—a critical aspect of value-based care. Replication and expansion of successful programmes is likely in the future. It is only a partial, general description of plan or program benefits and does not constitute a contract. In case of a conflict between your plan documents and this information, the plan documents will govern.

value based healthcare

Enhanced care coordination and data sharing can also help streamline administrative processes and reduce wasted spending. Groups carefully curate specialists who communicate and coordinate effectively with primary care physicians and practice high-quality, evidence-based medicine. Group selection of specialists eliminates the guess-work that sometimes plagues patients (“Who should I see for….?”). And these specialists often operate on common electronic health record systems that can more seamlessly facilitate care coordination and the flow of patient information across clinical sites. The University of Texas at Austin’s Dell Medical School offers an example of how education about value-based health care can be incorporated into undergraduate medical education.

Value Based Healthcare

Value-based healthcare aims to regulate the process of healthcare through best practices. Protecting health through quitting smoking, nutritional and lifestyle changes lessen the need for costly processes, tests, and medicines. Patients receive holistic treatment that accounts for social determinants of health and receive support from their care team and their community, leading to more accurate diagnoses, effective treatment plans, and positive health outcomes.

In 2018, 53 percent of Aetna’s medical spend was with value-based providers. Individuals have a better experience navigating the health care system. Former Babel Health solutions are now part of the Veradigm Comprehensive Submissions suite. In addition to delivering end-to-end submission and reconciliation processes that ensure regulatory compliance and mitigate revenue leakage, Veradigm enables complete and accurate tracking and status-monitoring of all encounters. Veradigm offers payers an end-to-end solution, designed to help meet their goals.

Transitioning from Fee-Based to Value-Based Healthcare

Over the past half dozen years, a growing array of providers have begun to embrace true outcome measurement. Many of the leaders have seen their reputations—and https://globalcloudteam.com/ market share—improve as a result. A welcomed competition is emerging to be the most comprehensive and transparent provider in measuring outcomes.

  • Each encounter is separate from the others, and no one coordinates the care.
  • The six components of the value agenda are distinct but mutually reinforcing.
  • Indeed, rigorous measurement of value is perhaps the single most important step in improving health care.
  • Throughout the course of modern US healthcare, we have struggled to create a fair and efficient reimbursement scheme that aligns the incentives of patients, providers and payers.
  • The ideal result is fewer readmissions and less frequent hospitalizations and trips to the emergency room.
  • Patients who expect long hospital stays might be surprised when they’re discharged rapidly to their homes with home care services or to skilled-nursing facilities in lieu of an extra few nights in the hospital.
  • Value-based health care connects clinicians to their purpose as healers, supports their professionalism, and can be a powerful mechanism to counter clinician burnout.

The information contained on this website and the products outlined here may not reflect product design or product availability in Arizona. Therefore, Arizona residents, members, employers and brokers must contact Aetna directly or their employers for information regarding Aetna products and services. This excerpt is provided for use in connection with the review of a claim for benefits and may not be reproduced or used for any other purpose.

Value-based personalisation: India’s Apollo Hospital Group

So, “fee-for-value” is synonymous with value-based care, while “fee-for-service” is synonymous with volume-based care. This has different implications for how health systems are compensated for the care they provide. Offering positive experience and outreach by using innovative technology will deliver on the promise of quality health care at a lower cost. Data is assessed across the organization of care providers to recognize particular well-being risks, improve care management and improve the operations.

value based healthcare

The transformation to a high-value health care delivery system must come from within, with physicians and provider organizations taking the lead. But every stakeholder in the health care system has a role to play in improving the value of care. Patients, health plans, employers, and suppliers can hasten the transformation by taking the following steps—and all will benefit greatly from doing so. Providers remain nervous about bundled payments, citing concerns that patient heterogeneity might not be fully reflected in reimbursements, and that the lack of accurate cost data at the condition level could create financial exposure. Those concerns are legitimate, but they are present in any reimbursement model. We believe that concerns will fall away over time, as sophistication grows and the evidence mounts that embracing payments aligned with delivering value is in providers’ economic interest.

The medical record is accessible to all parties involved in care.

Patients may see multiple physicians, specialists, and other healthcare providers throughout their course of treatment. Oftentimes, each of these providers relies on a different system for storing and processing clinical data, electronic health records, provider network data, and so on. A lack of interoperability between these platforms can impede the shift to value-based care, preventing payers and providers from sharing data in a timely fashion, conducting important analyses, and having productive conversations.

Introduction to Software Test Automation

The Advanced Test Automation Engineer course provides TAEs with advanced skills in defining, initiating, developing, maintaining, and extending test automation solutions. Jamie is a pioneer in the test automation field, having been creating automated testing since 1991. Both Rex and Jamie are co-authors of the International Software Testing Qualifications Board Advanced Syllabus.

automated testware model

Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising. On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information.


The patterns must be sharp and present a definitive set of activities that address a certain issue. It’s worth pausing a moment and thinking about when and if such a QA transition makes sense. Since Fugue continuously operates our customer’s changing cloud infrastructure, the expectation of quality demands automated testing. What does it mean to be a “Technical” versus a “Non-Technical” tester? Pretty much what it sounds like; it basically comes down to mindset and emphasis, or focus, of what you are doing in testing. Personally, I am a Technical Tester and I tend to look at things from a process and technology viewpoint.

automated testware model

We all need to become more technical in order to do test automation work. An intuitive ordering process and fully automated delivery portal that integrates with your own delivery processes make your life easy. I was also the first dedicated test person the organization employed (this was before they got purchased by a mega-multinational company – but I’m still the only test person in that division).

Removing Requirement Defects and Automating Test

By implementing certain design patterns, testers can also adapt or scale theirtestwarewithout necessarily changing any of its core scripts. Therefore, testers have to “up their game” in both skills and capabilities. I’ve always been outspoken about automation staff needing to have a solid level of knowledge and skills in programming.

automated testware model

Also the tool needs to be compatible with the design and implementation of an application. In today’s world of software development, where some variation of agile methodology is applied, test automation is seen as an answer to achieve high test coverage of the code, functions or features of the system under test . And this is usually done without defining and implementing a proper, adequate approach to test automation.

Hiring a Software Developer

A compiler is an extension of static analysis tools because it constructs a symbol table, lists out incorrect usages and verifies the coding language syntax. These tools are called as defect-tracking tool or defect management tool or bug-tracking https://globalcloudteam.com/glossary/automated-testware/ tool or bug-management tool. Automated testing is significant because in manual testing, all fields, flows and negative scenarios are time and cost consuming. The aim of automation testing is to reduce number of test cases that are run manually.

Analyst Testing Vacancy at Sun Life – StudyCafe

Analyst Testing Vacancy at Sun Life.

Posted: Fri, 12 May 2023 15:13:42 GMT [source]

That way, even if you get stuck for a period in a hybrid manual/scripting test situation, you will preserve your gains in testware infrastructure. The strategy we decided upon that matched these criteria was to build small scripts that improved the efficiency of manual testing. This approach felt akin to creating hammers https://globalcloudteam.com/ and screwdrivers before attempting to build an actual abode. Also, like a society beginning to create its first tools, it felt like a more organic and natural progression of things. Actions that one repeated often, such as setting up or tearing down a particular test environment, begged to become shell scripts.

Azure Cloud Security

Each path through the system represents an agile feature, which may be in or out of scope depending on time and resources. Another benefit of this approach is that the model becomes an artifact that may be shared between the test framework and target application developers. Nearly all test automation patterns relate to each other and can use each other in a global scheme of things. Object map is a common execution pattern that is used in various design and management patterns to solve minor issues. The biggest issue with this pattern is that often project requirements are not specified clearly enough to provide enough details for proper modeling.

  • In this chapter, automation testing and classification of test tools according to test process activities are discussed.
  • These are just some of the testing types our QA engineers excel in.
  • After the test preparation is ready, the tester can just execute it, sit back for a minute and watch the tool do it all, without one click.
  • As such, testware is not a standing configuration, but merely a working environment for application software or subsets thereof.
  • Additionally, such tools can prove useful to product development teams who might in turn contribute and improve the testware.

Test script maintenance and adaptation to UI changes while alerting the QA team, all via AI algorithms. However, all this implies a tester actuallyknowsprogramming. Retest-all, used when minor changes are made in the code, but covers all scenarios and therefore is time-consuming. Corrective, usually done when no changes in the code are made, hence implying less run time.

Introduction to Software Test Automation

Problems related to human resources management and allocating said resources. Usually such issues are caused by poor staffing or incompetent budget usage. Unsurprisingly, manual methods are boring and ineffective, mostly due to their time-consuming nature and complications that you have to overcome one by one.

automated testware model

We highly recommend that you commit to heavy case studying and analyze your project before choosing the best test automation pattern. For example, complex software with lots of repetitive features should use MBT at least partially. On the contrary, applications with fewer features and minor changes to the SUT over the course of development can be tested with maintainable testware easily and without much effort. Once we moved forward with this strategy we noticed several things. First, building simple tools that reduced the time spent on manual testing helped bridge the incentive gap.

IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. 28

At this point knowledge and experience about different approaches to test automation come to the fore. Although several approaches to test automation have been recognized, in practice it is usually some sort of hybrid approach that saves the day. By understanding what is needed for success in test automation, the development team can adjust to shifts in context and take the test automation effort in a new, optimal direction. Naturally, regression tests are a time and resource intensive process. A QA team will usually need to run of test cases in order to cover the most crucial components of the software potentially affected by new changes. That said, it would be just common sense to think regression tests are a natural candidate for automation.

Information Architecture for Web Design: Step by Step Guide

It also makes the steps they can take next clear, no matter where they first arrive. The principle of front doors is the idea that your website or application has multiple access points. Not all visitors will land on your homepage first — they could arrive on a product page, blog post, or landing page, so you have to construct your website accordingly.

information architecture

We don’t know about you, but we’re confused about where to go and overwhelmed by the number of offers here. Plus, the not-so-good User Experience makes us question the authority of the website. With a commitment to quality content for the design community. Next, you will tell UX Metrics the information architecture web design fastest path for finding each piece of content. Meet Smashing Workshops on front-end & UX, with practical takeaways, live sessions, video recordings and a friendly Q&A. As we become more knowledgeable in a particular subject, our mental model diverges from the rest of the population.

Access Denied – GoDaddy Website Firewall

Don’t rely on the homepage – Don’t fall into the trap of loading up your homepage with information to make up for a poor IA. Think about those users who may never actually see your homepage, for example, those entering your website through search or a direct link. There are a few best practices to keep in mind when thinking about your IA – principles you should always try and adhere to. Understandably, there’s a lot that goes into developing an IA. Here, we’ll give a high-level overview of the process of developing an IA and how you can test and evaluate one.

information architecture

Single page sites are generally broken down into different sections, often with navigation to permalinks for each topic. Single pages are common for things like personal websites, sites for individual products , and similar sites. You may also see them as stand-along sub-sites on a larger site. With the glut of information available today, anything your organization wants to share should be easy to find, navigate, and understand. But the experience you provide has to be familiar and coherent across multiple interaction channels, from the Web to smartphones, smartwatches, and beyond.

Different Types of Testing to Deliver a Bug-Free User Experience

Once we have the main pages in our hierarchy we can start grouping content within those pages. Think about what you want users to do on each page, just like you organise objects in your house based on how likely you are to use those things for main tasks in each room. Hierarchical structure, also known as tree structure, organizes content so that broad categories are at the top and more specific subcategories are beneath the main categories.

  • A wireframe is a schematic representation of a website or an app that displays the navigation and interface of a website.
  • Then, UI is the skin or appearance that other people see as they interact with the product.
  • First, many mindlessly migrate the content from their old website to the new one.
  • There are a lot of tools for creating Information Architecture.
  • This goal might involve purchasing a product, obtaining information, or simply sending an email.
  • To figure out the context, consider where, when, why, and how the user is seeking out and engaging with your content.

As a tool, a mind map is very useful for instruction, allowing someone to understand the structure of the content by logical sequence and to develop associations. Apply it to an app or a website to visually represent the entities of a product and follow the logical structure of the content. We’ll use the blueprint reference often because the purpose of both documents is nearly identical. Just like a blueprint, IA provides designers a bird’s-eye view of the entire product. Information architecture creates a foundation for efficient user experience. Well-organized content will help your users interact with your app or website, leading to a great experience.

Importance of Information Architecture in UX Design Process

One of the reasons that categorizing is difficult is that there are many ways to approach it. Another challenge is that many people categorize based on personal habits or existing systems. This is a problem https://globalcloudteam.com/ if those approaches don’t work well for the user. For example, online shopping carts often use the word «item» or «product.» If you’re in the United States, you probably use the word product more often.

information architecture

Good IA helps us to navigate through tons of information that flush us on every step. Let’s dive into this concept and uncover the benefits which good IA brings for users and for a business. I would recommend running a simple tree test to test your final information architecture. Once again, you can do this through UX Metrics or whatever tool you settle on. However, we have yet to address the subsections within those top-level sections. You may well be wondering if you need to do this entire process for each top-level section of the website.

Practitioners sometimes merge the concepts of information architecture (IA) and navigation design. While it’s true that…

The combination of organization, labeling, search, and navigation systems within websites and intranets. These menu bars contain the links to the categories and content that comprise your knowledge base, and they should be organised in a logical hierarchy. These are the core instruments of your Information Architecture.

information architecture

Index sites are similar to flat sites, though they often have a list of all of the pages on the site in a central location. This makes sites with larger numbers of pages still usable with a close-to-flat content structure, which keeps them simple. Again, these kinds of structures are best for sites with a specific purpose, like an ecommerce site, a business site, a portfolio, or a site educating on a very specific topic. The exploratory visitor has an idea of what they might need to know, but they might not have much idea of how to actually find it or where to start.

User Onboarding Best Practices: +10 DO’s and DON’Ts You Should Know

Steer them through the information in a way that makes it easy to digest and remember. On your e-commerce site, show a preview of the information users can find if they click again to dig further into your site’s content. A designer’s job is to create labels that express a lot of data in just a few words, following principles of effective UX writing. For example, a website’s “Contact” page triggers associations in the users’ heads about phone numbers, email addresses, and physical addresses of stores.